Ankle ligaments can become stretched and cause the sensation of the joint ‘giving way.’ It can occur while you are standing still, walking or running.
Common symptoms include swelling of the ankle, significant discomfort, tenderness and pain. Sufferers may find that their ankle turns inwards and may find it difficult to walk over unbalanced terrain.
Ankle instability is normally the result of a previous sprain that has not sufficiently healed. The more times an ankle is sprained, the weaker it becomes owing to the ligaments stretching.
What is the treatment?
A consultant will closely examine your ankle to determine the severity of your case. You may need to undergo an X-ray, MRI or CT scan.
Treatment options may include wearing an ankle brace to stop the ankle from turning in. Additionally, wearing a brace will prevent you from suffering from further sprains.
Your consultant may also recommend physiotherapy / orthotics. Through specific exercises the ankle will become strengthened, the muscles will be retrained and the balance and range of motion will become significantly improved.
A further option is to undergo surgery, which is normally only recommended in more severe cases of ankle instability and typically involves reconstructing or repairing the ligaments surrounding the joint.